Geosc 508
Mechanics of Earthquakes and Faulting

3 Credits, Fall 2017

Prof. C. Marone
Dept. of Geosciences, Penn. State University

T R 10:35 - 11:50  337 Deike Bldg.

Contact: Prof. Marone
536 Deike, 865-7964
University Park


Introduction to the principles of brittle faulting and earthquake mechanics with emphasis on physical processes.


Content:
Brittle failure, effective stress laws, friction, constitutive laws, continuum mechanics, and elasticity of faulting. Rate and state friction laws. State of stress in Earth's crust. Fault nucleation and growth. Fault rocks and structures. The strength and rheology of faults. Seismotectonics. Introduction to earthquake rupture. Instability conditions, energy balance, the work of faulting. Quantification of earthquakes. Earthquake source parameters and scaling laws. The seismic cycle, earthquake prediction.

     San Andreas Fault at the Carrizo Plain, CA,


Syllabus
Course Project
Background Reading and Discussion Papers:
Handin, 1969
Mead, 1925
Frank, 1965
Chester et al., Nature 2005
Rabinowicz, 1951
Rabinowicz, 1956
Marone, 1998
Wesnousky, 1988
Gu et al., 1984
Hanks, 1979
Shelly, 2010
Aki, 1967
Background, Reading on Self-Similarity
Harrington & Brodsky, BSSA 2009
Scholz, BSSA 1982
Sammis Nature News Views, 1993
Rice and Runia, 1983
Lectures:
Lecture 0, Aug 22, 2017

Problem Sets:
Problem Set 1, Due 5 Sep.

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