Geosc 508
Mechanics of Earthquakes and Faulting

3 Credits, Fall 2017

Prof. C. Marone
Dept. of Geosciences, Penn. State University

T R 10:35 - 11:50  337 Deike Bldg.

Contact: Prof. Marone
536 Deike, 865-7964
University Park


Introduction to the principles of brittle faulting and earthquake mechanics with emphasis on physical processes.


Content:
Brittle failure, effective stress laws, friction, constitutive laws, continuum mechanics, and elasticity of faulting. Rate and state friction laws. State of stress in Earth's crust. Fault nucleation and growth. Fault rocks and structures. The strength and rheology of faults. Seismotectonics. Introduction to earthquake rupture. Instability conditions, energy balance, the work of faulting. Quantification of earthquakes. Earthquake source parameters and scaling laws. The seismic cycle, earthquake prediction.

     San Andreas Fault at the Carrizo Plain, CA,


Syllabus
Course Project
Background Reading and Discussion Papers:
Handin, 1969
Mead, 1925
Frank, 1965
Chester et al., Nature 2005
Rabinowicz, 1951
Rabinowicz, 1956
Marone, 1998
Wesnousky, 1988
Gu et al., 1984
Hanks, 1979
Shelly, 2010
Aki, 1967
Background, Reading on Self-Similarity
Harrington & Brodsky, BSSA 2009
Scholz, BSSA 1982
Sammis Nature News Views, 1993
Rice and Runia, 1983
Svetlizky et al. PRL 2017
Lectures:
Lecture 0, Aug 22, 2017
Lecture 1 notes outline, Aug 24, 2017
Lecture 1, Aug 22, 2017
Read Handin 1969 and Chapter 1 of Scholz, 2002.
Please come to class on Tuesday 29 Aug. prepared to discuss Handin, 1969 and Chap. 1 of Scholz.
Lecture 2, Aug 29 2017
Lecture 3, Aug 31 2017
Lecture 4, Sep 5 2017
Please come to class on Thursday 7 Sep. prepared to discuss Mead, 1925 and Frank, 1965.
Lecture 5, Sep 7 2017
Lecture 6, Sep 12 2017
Lecture 7, Sep 14 2017
Please come to class on Thursday 14 Sep. prepared to discuss Rabinowicz, 1951 and 1956.
Lecture 8, Sep 19 2017
Lecture 9, Sep 21 2017
Lecture 10, Sep 26 2017
Lecture 11, Sep 28 2017
Cargese Training School, Oct 6 2017
Don Fisher's lecture Oct 12 2017
Lecture 12, Oct 24 2017
Lecture 13, Oct 26 2017
Lecture 14, Oct 31 2017
Lecture 15, Nov 02 2017
Attend p5000 Workshop on the Mechanics of Earthquakes and Faulting, (541 Deike)
Lecture 16, Nov 09 2017
Please come to class on Thursday 9 Nov. prepared to discuss Svetlizky et al. PRL 2017.
Demo in class, please come to the Rock Mech. lab on Nov 14 2017
Lectures 18 & 19 , Nov 16/28 2017
Lecture 20, Nov 30 2017
Please come to class on Tuesday 5 Dec. prepared to discuss Scholz, 1982 and Hanks, 1979
Lecture 21, Dec 5 2017

Problem Sets:
Statement about authorship and working together.
For our problem sets, my sense is that there is significant value in working together at some level. Explaining things to someone else, or having them explain things to you is useful. Of course there's a limit. Copying down someone else's answers and/or paraphrasing their thinking, even if you use your own approach, is generally much less useful than doing your own work.
So, please do seek each other out as a way to learn. Getting a bit of help to get started or past a sticking point is fine, with the idea that you move on from there on your own and, ultimately, work it out yourself.
Problem Set 1, Due 5 Sep.
Problem Set 2, Due 12 Sep.
Problem Set 3, Due 28 Sep.
Info. on rsfs, Problem Set 4
Problem Set 4, Due 10 Oct.
Problem Set 5, Due 27 Oct.
Exam 1 was Due Nov 10th.
Problem Set 6, Due 28 Nov.
Data set for PS6

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