Publications

Sowers, T., R.B. Alley, and J. Jubenville, 2003,
Ice Core Records of Atmospheric N2O Covering the Last 106,000 Years,
Science, Volume 301, Number 5635, pp. 945-948, Aug 15 2003.
Download it!  NGDC N2O Data Link

Sowers, T., A. Rodebaugh, N. Yoshida, and S. Toyoda, 2002
Extending records of the isotopic composition of atmospheric N2O back to 1800 A. D. from air trapped in snow at South Pole and the Greenland Ice Sheet Project II ice core, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol, 16, No. 4, 1129,doi10.1029/2002GB001911, 2002.

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Sowers, T.,  2001
The N2O record spanning the penultimate deglaciation from the Vostok ice core. 
JGR atmospheres, Vol, 106 (D23), 31,903-31,914, 2001
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Sowers, T. and J. Jubenville, 2000
A modified extraction device for analyzing trapped gases in ice cores,
JGR Atmospheres Vol, 105, D23, pg 29,155-29,164, 2000. 


   Severinghaus, J. P., T. Sowers, E. J. Brook, R. B. Alley and M. 
L. Bender,  1998
Timing of abrupt climate change at the end of the Younger Dryas interval from the thermally fractionated gases in polar ice.
Nature, 391, 141-146, 1998.

Sowers, T.A. et al., 1997
An inter-laboratory comparison of techniques for extracting and analyzing trapped gases in ice cores,
 Journal of Geophysical Research, 102, 26,527-26,539, 1997.

Brook, E., T. Sowers and J. Orchardo, 1996
Rapid variations in atmospheric methane concentration during the past 110,000 years,
Science,
273, 1087-1091, 1996.

Bender, M., T. Sowers, and V. Lipenkov, 1995
On the concentrations of O2, N2 and Ar in trapped gases from ice cores,
 Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 18,651-18,660, 1995.

Sowers, T.A., and M. Bender, 1995
Climate records during the last deglaciation,
Science
, 269, 210-214, 1995.

Bender, M., T. Sowers, M.-L. Dickson, J. Orchardo, P. Grootes, P. Mayewski, and D. Meese,  1994
Climate connections between Greenland and Antarctica during the last 100,000 years
 Nature, 372, 663-666, 1994.

Bender, M.L., T. Sowers, J.-M. Barnola, and J. Chappellaz, 1994
Changes in the O2/N2 ratio of the atmosphere during recent decades reflaected in the composition of air in the firn at Vostok Station, Antarctica,
 Geophysical Research Letters, 21, 189-192, 1994.

Bender, M.L., T.A. Sowers, and L. Labeyrie, 1994
The Dole effect and its vairations druing the last 130,000 years as measured in the Vostok ice core,
Global Biogeochemical Cycles
, 8, 363-376, 1994.

Sowers, T., M. Bender, L. Labeyrie, D. Martinson, J. Jouzel, D. Raynaud, J.J. Pichon, and Y. Korotkevich, 1993
135,000 Year Vostok-SPECMAP common temporal framework,
 Paleoceanography, 8, 737-766, 1993.

Sowers, T., M. Bender, D. Raynaud, and Y.S. Korotkevich, 1992
The d15N of N2 in air trapped in polar ice: a tracer of gas transport in the firn and a possible constraint on ice age-gas age differences,
 Journal of Geophysical Research, 97, 15,683-15,697, 1992.

Sowers, T., M. Bender, D. Raynaud, Y.S. Korotkevich, and J. Orchardo, 1991
The d18O of atmospheric O2 from air inclusions in the Vostok ice core:
Timing of CO2 and ice volume changes during the penultimate deglaciation
Paleoceanography, 6, 679-696, 1991.

Sowers, T.A., M.L. Bender, and D. Raynaud, 1989
Elemental and isotopic composition of occluded O2 and N2 in polar ice,
Journal of Geophysical Research, 94, 5137-5150, 1989.