James F. Kasting:

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Kasting, J. F., Habitable planets around the Sun and other stars, in Extrasolar Planets: XVI Canary Islands Winter School of Astrophysics, H. Deeg, J. A. Belmonte, and A. Aparicio, eds., Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge (2008), pp. 217-244.

Domagal-Goldman, S. D., J. F. Kasting, D. T. Johnston, and J. Farquhar, Organic haze, glaciations and multiple sulfur isotopes in the Mid-Archean Era, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 269, 29-40 (2008).

Kasting, J. F., Chapter 8: The primitive Earth, in Prebiotic Evolution and Astrobiology, J. T.-F. Wong and A. Lazcano, eds., Landes Bioscience, Austin, TX 

Tian, F., J. F. Kasting, H. Liu, and R. G. Roble, Hydrodynamic planetary thermosphere model. I: The response of the Earth’s thermosphere to extreme solar EUV conditions and the significance of adiabatic cooling, J. Geophys. Res. – Planets, 113, E5 (May), E05008 (2008).

Lammer, H.  J. F. Kasting, E. Chassefière, R. E. Johnson, Y. N. Kulikov, and F. Tian, Atmospheric evolution of terrestrial planets and satellites, Space Science Rev., DOI 10.1007/s11214-008-9413-5 (2008).


Scalo, J.,  L. Kaltenegger, A. Segura, M. Fridlund, I. Ribas, Y.N. Kulikov, J.L. Grenfell, H. Rauer, P. Odert, M. Leitzinger, F. Selsis, M.L. Khodachenko, C. Eiora, J. Kasting and H. Lammer, M stars as targets for terrestrial exoplanet searches and biosignature detection, Astrobiol. 7, 85-166 (2007).

Shields, G. A. and J. F. Kasting, Evidence for hot early oceans? Nature 446­, doi:10.1038/nature05830 (2007).

Catling, D. and J. F. Kasting, Planetary atmospheres and life, in Planets and Life: The Emerging Science of Astrobiology, W. T. Sullivan, III, and J. A. Baross, eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 91-116 (2007).

A. Segura, Kasting, J. F., V. S. Meadows, M. Cohen, and J. Scalo, Abiotic formation of O2 and O3 in high-CO2 terrestrial atmospheres, Astron. & Astrophys. 472, 665–679 (2007).

F. Selsis, B. Chazelas, P. Bordé, F. Bouchy, J-M Griessmeier, H. Lammer, C. Sotin, O. Grasset, D. Ehrenreich, C. Moutou, P. Barge, M. Deleuil, D. Mawet, D. Despois , M. Ollivier, F. Brachet, M. Decaudin, J. Kasting, and A. Léger, Could we identify hot ocean-planets with CoRoT, Kepler, and Doppler velocimetry?, Icarus 191 , 453–468 (2007)

Selsis, F., J. F. Kasting, J. Paillet, and X. Delfosse, Habitable planets around the star Gl581? Astron. & Astrophys. 476, 1373–1387 (2007).


Kasting, J. F. and S. Ono, Paleoclimates: the first two billion years, Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. Lond. B.. 361, 917-929.

Kasting, J. F., M. T. Howard, K. Wallmann, J. Veizer, G. Shields, and J. Jeffries, Paleoclimates, ocean depth, and the oxygen isotopic composition of seawater, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 252, 82-93 (2006).

J. F. Kasting, Runaway greenhouses and runaway glaciation: How stable is Earth’s climate? In Frontiers of Climate Modeling, J. T. Kiehl and V. Ramanathan, eds., Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, pp. 349-366 (2006).

Kasting, J. F. and M. T. Howard, Atmospheric composition and climate on the early Earth, Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. Lond. B 361, 1733-1742 (2006).

Pollard, D. and J. F. Kasting, Reply to comment by Steven G. Warren and Richard E. Brandt on “Snowball Earth--a Thin-Ice Model with Flowing Sea Glaciers”, J. Geophys. Res. 111, C09017, doi:10.1029/2006JC003488 (2006).

Levine, M., S. Shaklan, and J. F. Kasting, eds., Terrestrial Planet Finder Coronagraph: Science and Technology Definition Team (STDT) Report, JPL Document D-34923, 360 pp. (2006). Available on-line at:



Kasting, J. F., Methane and climate during the Precambrian Era, Precambrian Res. 137, 119-129.

Pollard, D. and J. F. Kasting, Snowball Earth: A thin-ice model with flowing sea glaciers, J. Geophys. Res. 110, C07010, doi:10.1029/2004JC002525. 

Kharecha, P., J. F. Kasting, and J. L. Siefert, A coupled atmosphere-ecosystem model of the early Archean Earth, Geobiology 3, 53-76. 

Segura, A., J. F. Kasting, V. Meadows, M. Cohen, J. Scalo, D. Crisp, R. A. H. Butler, and G. Tinetti, Biosignatures from Earth-like planets around M dwarfs, Astrobiology 5, 706-725.


Kasting, J. F., When methane made climate, Scientific American 291, No. 1 (July), 78-85.

Pollard, D. and J. F. Kasting, Climate-ice sheet simulations of Neoproterozoic glaciation before and after collapse to Snowball Earth, in Geophysical Monograph Series 146, "The Extreme Proterozoic: Geology, Geochemistry, and Climate," G. S.  Jenkins, M. A. S. McMenamin,  C. P. McKay, and L. Sohl, eds., Amer. Geophys. Union, Washington DC, pp. 91-105.

Kasting, J. F., Comment on "Evidence from massive siderite beds for a CO2-rich atmosphere before ~1.8 billion years ago" by H. Ohmoto, Y. Watanabe, and K. Kumazawa, published as “Archaean atmosphere and climate”, Nature 429, doi:10.1038/nature03166.


Pavlov, A. A., M. Hurtgen, J. F. Kasting, M. A. Arthur, Methane-rich Proterozoic atmosphere? Geology 31, 87-90.

Shuhei Onoa,*, J. L. Eigenbrodeb, A. A. Pavlovc, P. Kharechab, D. Rumble IIIa, J. F. Kastingb, and K. H. Freeman, New insights into Archean sulfur cycle from mass-independent sulfur isotope records, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 213, 15-30.

Kasting, J. F. and D. Catling, Evolution of a habitable planet, Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 41, 429-463.

Segura, A.; Krelove, K., J. F. Kasting, D. Sommerlatt, V. Meadows, D. Crisp, M. Cohen, and E. Mlawer, Ozone concentrations and ultraviolet fluxes on Earth-like planets around other stars, Astrobiology 3, 689-708.

Kasting, J. F. Review of "Snowball Earth: The Story of the Great Global Catastrophe that Spawned Life as We Know It" by Gabrielle Walker, Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 84, 1581-1584.

Kasting, J. F. The origins of water on Earth, Scientific Amer. 13, No. 3, 28-33.


Pavlov, A. A. and J. F. Kasting, Mass-independent fractionation of sulfur isotopes in Archean sediments: strong evidence for an anoxic Archean atmosphere, Astrobiology 2, 27-41.

J. F. Kasting and J. L. Siefert, Life and the evolution of Earth’s atmosphere (Perspective), Science 296, 1066-1068.

D. J. Des Maraisa, M. Harwitb, K. Jucksc, J. Kastingd, D. Line, J. Luninef, J. Schneiderg, S. Seagerh, W. Traubc and N. Woolfe, Remote sensing of planetary properties and biosignatures on extrasolar terrestrial planets, Astrobiology 2, 153-181.

Kasting, J. F., Long-term stability of Earth’s climate: the faint young Sun problem revisited, in Geosphere-Biosphere Interactions and Climate, L. O. Bengtsson and C. U. Hammer (eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 203-219.

Kasting, J. F., Planets, in Encyclopedia of Global Change: Environmental Change and Human Society, A. S. Goudie, ed., Oxford University Press, New York, Vol. 2, pp. 249-251.

Kasting, J. F. Review of Life Everywhere: The Maverick Science of Astrobiology by David Darling, Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45, 292-293.


Kump, L. R., J. F. Kasting, and M. E. Barley, The rise of atmospheric oxygen and the "upside-down" Archean mantle, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., vol. 2, Paper number 2000GC000114.

Kasting, J. F. Essay review of Peter Ward and Don Brownlee's Rare Earth: Why Complex Life is Uncommon in the Universe, Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 44, 117-131.

Kasting, J. F., A. A. Pavlov, and J. L. Siefert, A coupled ecosystem-climate model for predicting the methane concentration in the Archean atmosphere, Orig. Life Evol. Biosphere 31, 271-285.

Kasting, J. F. and J. L. Siefert, The nitrogen fix (News and Views article), Nature 412, 26-27.

Kasting, J. F., The rise of atmospheric oxygen (Perspective), Science 293, 819-820.

Pavlov, A. A., J. F. Kasting, J. L. Eigenbrode, and K. H. Freeman, Hydrocarbon aerosols as a source of low-13C kerogens in Archean sediments, Geology 29, 1003-1006.

DesMarais, D. J., Harwit, M., Jucks, K., Kasting, J. F., Lunine, J. I., Lin, D., Seager, S., Schneider, J., Traub, W., and Woolf, N., Biosignatures and Planetary Properties to be Investigated by the TPF Mission, JPL Publication 01-008, California Inst. Of Technology, Pasadena, CA, 48 pp.

Pavlov, A. A., L.L. Brown, and J. F. Kasting, Shielding of NH3 and O2 by organic hazes in the Archean atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res. 106, 23,267-23,287.


Pavlov, A. A., J. F. Kasting, L. L. Brown, K. A. Rages, and R. Freedman, Greenhouse warming by CH4 in the atmosphere of early Earth, J. Geophys. Res. 105, 11,981-11,990.

Mischna, M. and J. F. Kasting, CO2 clouds and the climate of early Mars: effect of cloud height and optical depth, Icarus 145, 546-554.

Schindler, T. L. and J. F. Kasting, Synthetic spectra of simulated terrestrial atmospheres containing possible biomarker gases, Icarus 145, 262-271.

Churchill, D. and J. F. Kasting, Nitrous oxide in the early atmosphere: a marker for life? In Proceedings of the Conference: 'Darwin and Astronomy - the Infrared Space Interferometer', Stockholm, Sweden (ESA SP-451, May, 2000).



The Earth System, L. R. Kump, J. F. Kasting, and R. G. Crane, Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, 1999, 351 pp.

Pavlov, A. A., A. K. Pavlov, J. F. Kasting, Irradiated interplanetary dust particles as a possible explanation for the deuterium/hydrogen paradox of Earth's oceans, J. Geophys. Res. 104, 30,725-30,728.

Kasting, J. F. and others, Signposts of life: detection of life via remote sensing, TPF Report, Ch. 4, JPL/Caltech/IPAC MS 100-22, Pasadena, CA.


Kasting, J. F. Long-term effects of fossil fuel burning, Consequences 4, 15-27.

Kasting, J. F. Why a water world? Scientific American Presents 9, Number 3, 16-22.

Williams, D. M., J. F. Kasting, and L. A. Frakes, Were low-latitude Precambrian glaciations caused by high obliquity? Nature 396, 453-455.

Kasting, J.F. and L.L. Brown. Setting the stage: the early atmosphere as a source of biogenic compounds. In The Molecular Origins of Life: Assembling the Pieces of the Puzzle, A. Brack, ed., Cambridge Univ. Press, pp. 35-56.

Kasting, J. F. and L. L. Brown, Methanogenesis and the climates of early Earth and Mars. In Planetary Systems: the Long View, Editions Frontières, Blois, France, p 443-448.


Williams, D.M., J.F. Kasting, and R.A. Wade. Habitable moons around extrasolar giant planets, Nature 385, 234-236.

Kasting, J.F. Environmental constraints on the origin of life, Commentarii 4, N. 3, pp. 133-147, Pontifical Academy of Sciences, Rome. Reprinted in: Encyclopedia Italiana (in press).

Kasting, J.F. Habitable zones around low mass stars and the search for extraterrestrial life, Origins of Life 27, 291-307.

Kasting, J.F. Warming early Earth and Mars (Perspective), Science 276, 1213-1215.

Kasting, J.F., D.C.B. Whittet, and W.R. Sheldon. Ultraviolet radiation from F and K stars and implications for planetary habitability, Origins of Life 27, 413-420.

Williams, D.M. and J. F. Kasting. Habitable planets with high obliquities, Icarus 129, 254-267.

Schultz, P.A. and J. F. Kasting. Optimal reductions in CO2 emissions, Energy Policy 25, 491-500.

Kasting, J. F. The early Mars climate question heats up (Perspective), Science 278, 1245.


Kasting, J.F. Atmosphere, origin, in Encyclopedia of Climate and Weather, Oxford University Press, New York.

Kasting, J.F. and P.A. Schultz. Benefit-cost analysis and the environment (letter), Science 272, 1571-1572.

Kasting, J.F. Habitable zones around stars:  an update, in Circumstellar Habitable Zones, L.R. Doyle, ed., Travis House Publications, Menlo Park, CA, pp. 17-28.

Williams, D.M., J.F. Kasting, and K. Caldeira. Chaotic obliquity variations and planetary habitability, in Circumstellar Habitable Zones, L.R. Doyle, ed., Travis House Publications, Menlo Park, CA, pp. 43-62.

Kasting, J.F. and P.A. Schultz. Reservoir time-scales for anthropogenic CO2 in the atmosphere: commentary, Tellus 48B, 703-706.

Kasting, J.F. Planetary atmosphere evolution: Do other habitable planets exist and can we detect them? Astrophys. Space Sci. 241, 3-24. Reprinted in: The Search for Extra-Solar Terrestrial Planets: Techniques and Technology, J. M Shull, H.A. Thronson, and S.A. Stern, eds., Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht (1997), pp. 3-24.


Taubman, S.J. and J.F. Kasting. Carbonyl sulfide:  No remedy for global warming, Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 803-805.

Kasting, J.F. O2 concentrations in dense primitive atmospheres: commentary, Planet. Space Sci. 43, 11-13.

Kasting, J.F. Fit for life:  climate stability on Earth and the implications for life elsewhere, Science Spectra, issue 2, pp. 32-36.


Squyres, S.W. and J.F. Kasting. Early Mars:  How warm and how wet?, Science 265: 744-749.

Grenci, L.M. and J.F. Kasting. Oceans:  The origin of life. In: The Oceans:  Physical-Chemical Dynamics and Human Impact, S.K. Majumdar, E.W. Miller, G.S. Forbes, R.F. Schmalz, and A.A. Panah, eds., Pennsylvania Academy of Sciences, Easton, PA, pp. 282-288.


Kasting, J.F., D.P. Whitmire, and R.T. Reynolds. Habitable zones around main sequence stars. Icarus 101: 108-128.

Kasting, J.F. Earth's early atmosphere. Science 259: 920-926.

Kasting, J.F. Algae and oxygen in Earth's ancient atmosphere (Tech. Comment). Science 259:  835.

Kasting, J.F. Review of Scientists on Gaia. Origins of Life 23: 145-146.

Kasting, J.F., D.H. Eggler, and S.P. Raeburn. Mantle redox evolution and the case for a reduced Archean atmosphere, J. Geol. 101:  245-257.

Grotzinger, J.P. and J.F. Kasting. New constraints on Precambrian ocean composition, J. Geol. 101:  235-243.

Kasting, J.F. and J.C.G. Walker. Long-term effects of fossil fuel burning and deforestation on levels of atmospheric CO2.  In:  Biogeochemistry of Global Change, R.S. Oremland, ed., Chapman and Hall, Inc., New York, pp. 151-165.

Kasting, J.F. Photochemistry in the primitive solar nebula (reply to Gladstone and Towe), Science 261, 1058-1060.

Kasting, J.F. New spin on ancient climate (News and Views article), Nature 364, 759-760.

Kasting, J.F. Evolution of the earth's atmosphere and hydrosphere: Hadean to Recent. In:  Organic Geo-chemistry:  Principles and Applications, M.H. Engel and S.A. Macko, eds., Plenum Press, New York, pp. 611-623.

Caldeira, K. and J.F. Kasting. Insensitivity of global warming potentials to carbon dioxide emission scenarios, Nature 366, 251-253.

Kasting, J.F. Early evolution of the atmosphere and ocean. In:  The Chemistry of Life's Origins, J.M. Greenberg, C.X. Mendoza-Gomez, and V. Pirronello, eds., Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1993, pp. 149-176.


Kasting, J.F. Paradox lost and paradox found (News and Views article), Nature 355: 676-677.

Kasting, J.F. and J.C.G. Walker. The geochemical carbon cycle and the uptake of fossil fuel CO2.  In:  AIP Conference Proceedings 247, Global Warming:  Physics and Facts, B.G. Levi, D. Hafemeister, and R. Scribner, eds., American Institute of Physics, New York, pp. 175-200.

Walker, J.C.G. and J.F. Kasting. Effect of forest and fuel conservation on future levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide.  Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimat. Palaeoecol. (Global Planet. Change Sect.) 97: 151-189.

Kasting, J.F. and N.G. Holm. What determines the volume of the oceans? Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 109: 507-515.

Caldeira, K. and J.F. Kasting. Susceptibility of the early Earth to irreversible glaciation caused by carbon dioxide clouds. Nature 359: 226-228.

Kasting, J.F. and S. Chang. Formation of the planet and the origin of life (Sec. 1.2, pp. 7-12); Holland, H.D. and J.F. Kasting. The environment of the Archean Earth (Sec. 1.4, pp. 21-24); Kasting, J.F., H.D. Holland, and L.R. Kump. Atmospheric evolution: The rise of oxygen (Sec. 4.6, pp. 159-164); Kasting, J.F. Proterozoic climates (Sec. 4.7, pp. 165-168);  Kasting, J.F. Models relating to Proterozoic atmospheric and oceanic chemistry (Appendix 26.2, pp. 1185-1188).  All in The Proterozoic Biosphere: A Multidisciplinary Study, ed. by J.W. Schopf and C. Klein, Cambridge University Press, New York.

Colin, L. and J.F. Kasting. Venus:  A search for clues to early biological possibilities.  In: Exobiology in Solar System Exploration, NASA SP 512, ed. by G.C. Carle, D.E. Schwartz, and J.L. Huntington, pp. 45-65.

Caldeira, K. and J.F. Kasting. The life span of the biosphere revisited. Nature 360:  721-723.


Kasting, J.F. CO2 condensation and the climate of early Mars.  Icarus 94: 1-13.

..........., Box models for the evolution of atmospheric oxygen:  an update. Global Planet. Change 97: 125-131.

..........., Runaway greenhouse atmospheres:  applications to Earth and Venus. In:  Planetary Sciences:  American and Soviet Research, ed. by T.M. Donahue, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., pp. 234-245.

.........., The greenhouse effect:  past, present, and future. In Air Pollution: Environmental Issues and Health Effects, S.K. Majumdar, E.W. Miller, and J. Cahir, eds., The Pennsylvania Academy of Science, Easton, Pennsylvania, pp. 106-120.

.......... and D.H. Grinspoon. The faint young sun problem. In:  The Sun in Time, C.P. Sonett, M.S. Giampapa, and M.S. Matthews, eds., Univ. of Arizona Press, Tucson, pp. 447-462.

McKay, C.P., O.B. Toon, and J.F. Kasting. Making Mars habitable. Nature 352: 489-496.

Whitmire, D.P., R.T. Reynolds, and J.F. Kasting. Habitable zones for Earth-like planets around main sequence stars. In: Bioastronomy:  the Search for Extraterrestrial Life, J. Heidmann and M.J. Klein, eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 173-178.


Kasting, J.F. Bolide impacts and the oxidation state of carbon in the Earth's early atmosphere. Origins of Life 20: 199-231.

..........., Earth, the living planet. The Planetary Report 10 (Jan/Feb): 8-9, cont. on 24.

..........., Impacts and the origin of life.  Earth and Mineral Sciences Bull. (Penn State Univ.) 59: 37-42. 

Zahnle, K.J., J.F. Kasting, and J.B. Pollack. Mass fractionation of noble gases in diffusion-limited hydrodynamic hydrogen escape. Icarus 84: 502-527.

Zahnle, K.J., J.B. Pollack, and J.F. Kasting. Xenon fractionation in porous planetesimals. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 54: 2577-2586.

Singh, H.B., D. Herlth, D. O'Hara, L. Salas, A.L. Torres, G.L. Gregory, G.W. Sachse, and J.F. Kasting. Atmospheric peroxyacetyl nitrate measurements over the Brazilian Amazon during the wet season:  Relationship with nitrogen oxides and ozone. J. Geophys. Res. 95: 16,945-16,954.


Kasting, J.F. Long term stability of the Earth's climate. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimat. Palaeoecol. (Global Planet. Change sect.) 75: 83-95.

.........., K.J. Zahnle, J.P. Pinto, and A.T. Young. Sulfur, ultraviolet radiation, and the early evolution of life. Origins of Life 19: 95-108.

........... and O.B. Toon. Climate evolution on the terrestrial planets. In:  Origin and Evolution of Planetary and Satellite Atmospheres, S.K. Atreya, J.B. Pollack, and M.S. Matthews, eds., University of Arizona Press, Tucson, pp. 423-449.

Hunten, D.M., J.C.G. Walker, T.M. Donahue, and J.F. Kasting. Escape of atmospheres. In:  Origin and Evolution of Planetary and Satellite Atmospheres, S.K. Atreya, J.B. Pollack, and M.S. Matthews, eds., University of Arizona Press, Tucson, pp. 386-422.

Sleep, N.H., K.J. Zahnle, J.F. Kasting, and H. Morowitz. Annihilation of ecosystems by large asteroid impacts on the early Earth. Nature 342: 139-142.


Kasting, J.F. Runaway and moist greenhouse atmospheres and the evolution of Earth and Venus. Icarus 74: 472-494.

.........., A wet origin for Venus: The water that got away. The Planetary Report, Vol. VIII, No. 6, pp. 13-16.  [Adapted for republication as "How Venus Lost its Oceans," Oceanus 32, Number 2, 1989.]

.........., O.B. Toon, and J.B. Pollack. How climate evolved on the terrestrial planets. Scientific American 258: 90-97.  

Reynolds, R.T., C.P. McKay, J.F. Kasting, and S.W. Squyres. Europa: The prospects for an ocean. In Bioastronomy -- The Next Steps, G. Marx, ed., Kluwer Academic Publishers, New York, pp. 21-28.

Zahnle, K.J., J.F. Kasting, and J.B. Pollack. Evolution of a steam atmosphere during Earth's accretion. Icarus 74: 62-97.


Kasting, J.F. Theoretical constraints on oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations in the Precambrian atmosphere. Precambrian Res. 34: 205-228.

Toon, O.B., J.F. Kasting, R.P. Turco, and M.S. Liu. The sulfur cycle in the marine atmosphere. J. Geophys. Res. 92: 943-963.

Pollack, J.B., J.F. Kasting, S.M. Richardson, and K. Poliakoff. The case for a warm, wet climate on early Mars. Icarus 71: 203-224.

Reynolds, R.T., C.P. McKay, and J.F. Kasting. Europa, tidally-heated oceans, and habitable zones around giant planets. Adv. Space Res. 7: (5)125 - (5)132.

Singh, H.B. and J.F. Kasting. Chlorine-hydrocarbon photochemistry in the marine troposphere and lower stratosphere. J. Atmos. Chem. 7: 261-285.


Kasting, J.F. and T.P. Ackerman. Climatic consequences of very high CO2 levels in Earth's early atmosphere. Science 234: 1383-1385.

.........., S.M. Richardson, J.B. Pollack, and O.B. Toon. A hybrid model of the CO2 geochemical cycle and its application to large impact events. Amer. J. Sci. 286: 361-389.

.......... and H.B. Singh. Nonmethane hydrocarbons in the troposphere:  Impact on the odd hydrogen and odd nitrogen chemistry. J. Geophys. Res. 91: 13,239-13,256.

Zahnle, K.J. and J.F. Kasting. Mass fractionation during transonic escape and implications for loss of water from Venus and Mars. Icarus 68: 462-480.


Kasting, J.F., H.D. Holland, and J.P. Pinto. Oxidant abundances in rainwater and the evolution of atmospheric oxygen. J. Geophys. Res. 90: 10,497-10,510.

.........., Photochemical consequences of enhanced CO2 levels in Earth's early atmosphere. In: The Carbon Cycle and Atmospheric CO2:  Natural Variations Archean to Present, E.T. Sundquist and W.S. Broecker, eds., American Geophysical Union, Washing-ton, D.C., pp. 612-622.

.........., Greenhouses and glaciers:  Climatic change and the continuously habitable zone around the sun. The Planetary Report 5: 12-15.

.......... and T.P. Ackerman. High atmospheric NOx levels and multiple photochemical steady states. J. Atmos. Chem. 3: 321-340.

.......... and S.M. Richardson. Seafloor hydrothermal activity and spreading rates:  the Eocene carbon dioxide greenhouse revisited. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 49: 2541-2544.


Kasting, J.F., J.B. Pollack, and D. Crisp. Effects of high CO2 levels on surface temperature and atmospheric oxidation state on the early earth. J. Atmos. Chem. 1: 403-428.

.........., J.B. Pollack, and T.P. Ackerman. Response of Earth's surface temperature to increases in solar flux and implications for loss of water from Venus. Icarus 57: 335-355.

.........., Comments on the BLAG model:  The carbonate-silicate geochemical cycle and its effect on atmospheric carbon dioxide over the past 100 million years. Amer. J. Sci. 284: 1175-1182.

.........., The evolution of the prebiotic atmosphere. Origins of Life 14: 75-82.

Roble, R.G. and J.F. Kasting. The zonally averaged circulation, temperature, and compositional structure of the lower thermosphere and variations with geomagnetic activity. J. Geophys. Res. 89: 1711-1724.


Kasting, J.F., K.J. Zahnle, and J.C.G. Walker. Photochemistry of methane in the Earth's early atmosphere. Precambrian Res. 20: 121-148.

.......... and J.B. Pollack. Loss of water from Venus. I. Hydrodynamic escape of hydrogen. Icarus 53: 479-508.

Kuhn, W.R. and J.F. Kasting. The effects of increased CO2 concentrations on surface temperature of the early earth. Nature 301: 53-55.

Jackson, R.W., R.M. Munoz, C.A. Leidich, J.P. Murphy, G.W. Thorley, and J.F. Kasting. A Pioneer-class Mars aeronomy mission. Paper presented at the AIAA 21st Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Reno, Jan. 10-13.


Kasting, J.F. Stability of ammonia in the primitive terrestrial atmosphere. J. Geophys. Res. 87: 3091-3098.


Kasting, J.F. and J.C.G. Walker. Limits on oxygen concentration in the prebiological atmosphere and the rate of abiotic fixation of nitrogen. J. Geophys. Res. 86: 1147-1158.

.......... and R.G. Roble. A zonally-averaged chemical-dynamical model of the lower thermosphere. J. Geophys. Res. 86: 9641-9653.

.......... and T.M. Donahue. Evolution of oxygen and ozone in the earth's atmosphere. In: Life in the Universe, J. Billingham, ed., MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 149-162.

Walker, J.C.G., P.B. Hays, and J.F. Kasting. A negative feedback mechanism for the long-term stabilization of Earth's surface temperature. J. Geophys. Res. 86: 9776-9782.


Kasting, J.F. and T.M. Donahue. The evolution of atmospheric ozone. J. Geophys. Res. 85: 3255-3263.

.......... and T. Augustsson. Modeling the grasslands data. In: NCAR Summer Colloquium Notes, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, pp. 134-160.

.........., Determination of deposition velocities for O3, NOx, and HNO3 by the gradient method. In: NCAR Summer Colloquium Notes, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, pp. 161-172.


Kasting, J.F., S.C. Liu, and T.M. Donahue. Oxygen levels in the prebiological atmosphere. J. Geophys. Res. 84: 3097-3107.

.........., Evolution of Oxygen and Ozone in the Earth's Atmosphere. Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. of Michigan.


Kasting, J.F. and P.B. Hays. A comparison between N2+ 4278 A emission and electron energy flux in the auroral zone. J. Geophys. Res. 82: 3319-3323.

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